The Security Council’s primary responsibility is to maintain international peace and security. It is made up of 15 member states, 5 of which are permanent. These are: China, France, The Russian federation, The United Kingdom, and the United States of America. The parties are called to a meeting whenever there is “a need to settle an act of aggression or a threat to peace”. The Security Council is the only organ of the United Nations that has the power to make decisions that the member states then have to implement; it is also allowed to impose sanctions and authorize force if needed.
The Question of the Situation in Yemen
In the wake of the 2011 Tunisian revolution, protesters across Yemen called for the ouster of U.S.- and Saudi-backed autocrat Ali Abdullah Saleh — who, it is believed, had amassed up to $60 billion during his time in office. Saleh eventually ceded power to his deputy Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi in February 2012, but the transition proved rocky: following terrorist attacks in Sana’a, and unrest over food insecurity, Houthi rebels from the north overran the capital — and then Saleh aligned with the rebels.Hadi fled the country when rebels advanced on his stronghold city of Aden and called for support. In March 2015 a Saudi-led coalition — with intelligence, logistics and later munitions support from the U.S., the U.K. and France — began bombing Houthi positions in support of Hadi’s internationally recognized government.The current situation in Yemen represents a failed democracy that has been exacerbated further by the presence of radical Islamist groups. This issue also represents the growing tensions between the different Arab states involved, including Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Yemen itself. It is apparent that the rising tension caused by this conflict is directly hindering the mediation process, which in turn prolongs the process of recovery for war-torn states such as Yemen. What’s more, Yemen is in a strategically advantageous position, directly on the Bab Al-Mandab strait, through which most of the world’s oil shipments pass. Therefore, the destabilization of the region has a direct impact on a number of other nations globally.
The Question of North Korea
The issue of North Korea’s Nuclear Program has become more and more significant as of recent. It has been described as the most immediate threat to International Peace. Ever since its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation in 2003, Pyongyang has been free to pursue its sadistic goals without worrying about IAEA regulations and has recently made rapid and significant progress in its mission to produce a Nuclear arsenal. The intensification of the dialogue between nations such as the USA, Japan and South Korea with the North has caused fears to arise that we are on the brink of full-scale Nuclear war. Numerous Nations, including France, have made it clear that they will not participate in the upcoming Olympics in South Korea, which is the country most within the North’s grasp. The threat of North Korea’s nuclear arsenal has a profound relation to this years theme of “Barriers to Development”, as it takes us back many years putting us in a similar situation to the Cold War and hinders the already slow progression towards a Nuclear-free world in which we no longer need to live knowing that we could be obliterated by the press of a button. North Korea is arguably the biggest threat we face today and thus, it is fitting that the KICSMUN Security Council debate this pressing and fascinating issue.