The International Court of Justice was created by the Registry of the United Nations as one of the six UN organs. Its role is to operate as the “principal judicial organ”. This means the ICJ has two functions: settling the legal disputes of the state (conforming to international law) and advise the agencies and other United Nations organs on legal matters. The Court is devised of 15 judges. The 9-year title of an ICJ judge is earned through an election made by the General Assembly and the Security Council. The ICJ functions in accordance to the Statute of the Court, which are made up of 5 chapters (organization, competence, procedure, advisory opinions and amendment) of 70 articles.
During this KICSMUN conference, the ICJ will be tackling the cases of the Marshall Islands vs the United Kingdom and Belgium vs Senegal. Both of these cases challenge sovereignty and humanitarian action. The case of the Marshall Island vs the United Kingdom discusses the Marshall Island’s opposition of the United Kingdom’s nuclear testing that the Island has endured. The Belgium vs Senegal case will confront the legal case of Belgium wanting Senegal to hand over Hissene Habre, the former Chad president who is accused of human rights crimes including torture, sexual violence and rape.
ICJ Code of Conduct:
- Respect each other, secretariat members and any guests of the court.
- Submit all work by the deadline! (Ask for an extension well before the deadline but you MUST have a good reason)
- Be in the ECA by 2:40, if you’re going to be late or miss a session notify a secretariat member 24 hours in advance.
- Everyone must participate and speak in every session! When speaking stand up and project your voice!
- DO NOT use profanities.
If you violate these rules, you get a strike. 3 strikes and you’re out of KICSMUN.
Link to official site: http://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?p1=1