The United Nation’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six main organs established by the United Nations Charter in 1947 and consists of 54 member states. Headquartered in New York, the council meets annually to discuss methods of “promoting international economic and social cooperation and development.” The United Nations has created 14 specialized agencies that make up ECOSOC, which includes the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the World Health Organization (WHO).
During this KICSMUN, ECOSOC will be working on two issues: Measures to sustain the economy in countries accepting large numbers of refuges and eliminating the radicalisation of youth through societal measures.
Measures to Sustain the Economy in Countries Accepting Large Numbers of Refugees
This is an important issue as around 80% of the countries supporting refugees are developing countries. Several of the refugees and migrants are headed towards places in Europe to try to find a better life, however it is not unexpected for these states to be reluctant to host refugees when taking into consideration the impact that refugees can have on the country of asylum. It cannot only cause labour issues but also threaten the harmony of the nation especially if the nation is already experiencing difficulties. When taking in a refugee, the host nations must assure the refugees the right to life, right to education and the full access to courts and the refugee must adhere to the laws and customs of their host nation. However, there is still unlawful detainment, lack of civil rights and lack of dignity occurring in some host nations. The trends of movement of refugees and immigrants have been changing globally and understanding these trends and the underlying factors can lead to improvement in global policy and action.
Eliminating the Radicalisation of Youth Through Societal Measures
A popular idea is the prevention of radicalization being the key to the prevention or reduction of modern international terrorism. Radicalization is the development of increasingly extreme political, social or religious views and ideals that contradict views shared by the general public. The threat of the radicalization of youth is becoming increasingly important and urgent in the world as it may lead to the formation of dangerous groups such as Da’esh and the Taliban as well as surfacing violent individuals. The United Nations defines “youth” as someone between the ages of 15 and 24. The youth today live in environments experiencing rapid urbanization, rising perceptions of marginalization and divisions in society. This can lead to the feeling of social isolation leading to radicalized mind-sets.
Link to official site of ECOSOC: https://www.un.org/ecosoc/en/home