By Mai Mohamed
Today marks the third day of the KICSMUN XI conference. All four councils have different topics and have been working hard debating and coming up with solutions.
Security Council has started their second debate topic today, which is about combatting terrorism in the Middle East and North of Africa (MENA) region. Delegate members of the Security Council given their short and brief individual opening speeches for the second debate about this topic. They are also beginning to come up with ideas for beneficial resolutions.
The International Court of Justice began their second case which is Belgium vs. Senegal and questions concerning the obligation to prosecute or extradite. The advocates and judges are analyzing their evidence work. They have come up with a majority verdict for their previous case, the Marshall Islands vs. the United Kingdom, which will be announced tomorrow with the verdict for this case.
The Human Rights Council has also started their second topic, the measures to ensure a universal standard of living conditions across all prisons and dentation camps. They have also started their opening speeches. They are hard at work to come up with a resolution.
The Economic and Social Council started the second topic. which is eliminating the radicalization of youth through societal measure. Unlike the other councils, the delegates of the Economic and Social Council have come up with three resolutions so far however they have all failed due to the leading vote of against.
By Mariss Mohtar
Q: What does MUN mean to you?
A: MUN is very important to me because its what I started in order to get my confidence up because I was really, really shy and I didn’t really like to do any activities. I didn’t like failing, nor did I like people’s attention being focused on me, and I didn’t like public speaking, so MUN was my way to break out of that. It means a lot to me because it was my way of being able to overcome challenges and has made me a better public speaker, and more open to getting slammed, because your clauses or resolutions don’t always pass and people are against you. So it has taught me to defend myself and taught me to be more confident.
Q: How many years of experience do you have?
A: I started as an usher in year 8, so its about 5 years now.
Q: What made you want to pursue being Deputy Secretary-General this year?
A: Last year I was Assistant President of Security Council, and I always did things related to security. In my first year, I was in the emergency security, then historical security, then general security, and finally Assistant President of Security Council. So it was my way of being able to do more than I have ever done, because last year I ended up taking a bigger role than anticipated. I wanted to make a conference that is part of me, considering that this is my last year in KICS and KICS was where I discovered my love for MUN. So my last experience in KICS being spent actually planning a conference is something that I really wanted.
Q: How did you decide on a theme?
A: I was the one who wanted to do something related to humanitarianism, so it was a play upon the themes that we had previously gotten in past conferences and then trying to add something related to sovereignty and the politics of the matter, because pure humanitarianism had already been done before.
Q: What does the theme mean to you? And how relevant is it to the world?
A: It’s relevant because, living in Sudan, we are denied a lot of things based on politics because of the embargos. For example, the reason that the price of medicine has skyrocketed and the fact that we don’t have access to a lot of resources that would better us as a nation simply because of politics, bothers me. This is why including humanitarianism and thinking of the actual consequences of your actions upon humans as opposed to just thinking about foreign policies, allies and the politics behind it, was something that I wanted to try to undo.
Q: In your opinion, what would make a conference successful?
A: I think for a conference to be successful, it would involve all the delegates being active and the creation of resolutions that actually tackle the issue. Although I want our delegates to have fun and to have the experience of learning, I also want them to come up with actual practical resolutions. So in order for a conference to be successful in my eyes, it would involve mass participation. Even if it’s only one resolution that is actually possible to be implemented, that would be successful.
Q: You mentioned that delegates should be active. What other skills do you think makes a good delegate?
A: A good delegate would be someone who is open-minded to be able to fit your country’s views and not your own personal views. Someone who is able to speak publicly, and to be able to think on their feet because they will be asked questions and put under pressure. A good delegate should also be able to think creatively and create creative solutions to tackle the problems.
Q: This year’s keynote speaker is Dr. Hania. How relevant would you say her work is to this year’s KICSMUN theme?
A: As Dr. Hania said in her speech, the US embargo had an effect on her as well, since she was unable to get one of the mammogram machines needed for her patients, so that affected her work directly. It was thus something related to the issue of sovereignty versus humanitarianism, so to her she had a direct link to our conference. And at the same time, it was very nice to have someone giving back to society, and for KICSMUN to be able to have that person actually speak to us about her own personal experiences
By Amel Amin Elfadil
The President of ECOSOC, Shaima Abdalla, gave us a brief on her expectations for this conference’s debate sessions. She is anticipating a heated debate between USA and Russia regarding topic A: Measures to sustain the economy in countries accepting large numbers of refuge, with Richard Snowden having sought asylum from Russia and his affiliation with the NSA leaks. This seems to be the topic that USA and Russia are bickering on and as of last night; the council witnessed a heated discussion on that topic with Russia addressing Snowden seeking that asylum.
Turkey on the other hand is at the heart of this issue and stirring most of the controversy. The Turkish government has clearly overestimated its capacities to withhold the numbers that it had initially planned to withhold and is under economic and societal burdens which has resulted in many anti-refugee sentiments, specifically with the political tensions that the country is experiencing right now. Turkey is henceforth seeking the support of MEDs, its European partners in sharing this burden. Among the European bodies, the UK for instance, made it clear, through the most recent exist of Britain from the European Union that it is prioritizing the rehabilitation of its economy, whilst recognizing the positive contribution that immigrants once had on the economy.
Syria, an observer in this council, recognize the refuge of its civilians to distant European countries but has also stated that the Syrians fleeing their homeland should do so only to neighboring countries. Another country that has continued to host a large number of refugees is Mauritania. In this conference, the delegation recognizes the UN’s efforts through the UNHCR in helping establishing the refugee camps for the most recent Malian refugees.
With topic B, “Eliminating the radicalization of youth through societal measures”, most of the countries have put forth the resolution of monitoring social media networks through surveillance practices. The UK for example, having experienced many incidences where its citizens have intently acted upon their radicalized beliefs, seeks to control network access (specifically social media). Afghanistan, on the other hand, having witnessed catastrophic results of radicalization through the emergence of violent groups such as Taliban, is also struggling with the establishment of the Vilyan-e Khorasan front of Deash in Afghanistan. However, instead of viewing it a domestic issue, Afghanistan is viewing it an international issue and is prepared to tackle this issue on the international stage.
As of the morning of the 1st, and the first day of council, the delegation of Russia, in alliance with the delegate of Serbia, China and the Democratic Republic of Congo are in the course of finalizing their working papers on topic A. On the other political end, USA, Algeria and the UK have been working on the first topic as well.
China, Afghanistan and the democratic republic of Congo are in the course of submitting a working paper on the second topic regarding the elimination of the radicalization of youth through societal measures.
All member of the council are proceeding with lobbying and merging in the active groups that they had created. Many are either on the verge of submitting their final resolutions and others are seeking signatories and sponsors. Heated yet diplomatic debates shall be anticipated on the course of the following few days in the Economic and Social Council.
By Mai Mohamed
Today marks the fist day of the annual KICSMUN XI. The introductory speech was given by Ms. Reem Heakal. Dinan Alsad, this year’s Sectary-General then took part in the opening ceremony giving us a brief introduction about the theme of this year’s KICSMUN conference. She also mentioned what each council will be debating in the next few days.
This year’s keynote speaker was Dr. Hania, she is the CEO and founder of the Khartoum Breast Cancer Clinic. The clinic has helped many people in Khartoum and is continuing to grow and help more people. It is one of the best clinics in the country with excellent equipment and has been operating for 6 years now. The clinic is non-profitable and runs by charity funds, which KICSMUN is raising this year. Dr. Hania is relevant to KICSMUN this year because she also deals with sovereignty and humanitarianism, because the necessary medicines and aren’t available here in Khartoum due to the sanctions and she has had to overcame this barrier. She gave a very inspiring speech in the Opening Ceremony saying, “We can make a difference in this world if we work hard for it”.
Deputy Sectary-Generals and the Presidents of each council also contributed. They each gave a speech welcoming everyone, inspiring the delegates and debriefing the audience on the topics and theme. They also talked about their KICSMUN experience through out their lives and how little did they know where they would end up!